The Sassi of Matera
The Sassi of Matera, a UNESCO World Heritage Site just a few minutes away by car
The historic city of Matera is an urban ecosystem capable of giving continuity to the different lifestyles in the course of human history: from prehistoric caves of the distant past to Eastern matrix civilizations rock caves (IX-XI century), the civitas of Western-Norman-Swabian (XI-XIII century) with subsequent Renaissance and Baroque expansions.
The Stones are really a cultural landscape, to quote the definition with which they were received into the UNESCO World Heritage Site, still constitutes an outstanding example of careful use, over time, of natural resources: water, soil, energy. A one day-visit, with the tour of the old neighborhoods where the houses were excavated in the limestone, the Sassi of Matera will grasp you also for the impressive cellars, village-like neighborhoods, the "Typically Furnished House" which represent today the expression of the pure ancient peasant daylife, as well as the fascinating urban circuit of the Rock Churches.